You can easily learn how to frame a wall by following some simple steps. All the materials are easily available at hardware stores or home improvement stores. The steps are simple enough that anyone can complete this project. You don’t have to be a professional to learn how to frame a wall.
The first thing you need to do is gather all the materials and tools for your project. The plates used as foundations are usually the center pieces of wood which serve as main supports for the remainder of the wall. The top plates are usually on the ceiling and the bottom plates, or sill plates, are usually on the floor. Use a stud finder to mark the positions of the plates on the wall.
To frame a wall, you will need four main elements: joists, wall studs, stud brackets and shims. One way to save money when buying materials is to buy two or three of each rather than one. Four or five joists should be enough to hold the weight of an adult human without stressing the legs. You should also have a few wall studs.
A chalk line is usually used to draw a line across the center of one side of the wall on which you plan to assemble the joist. Marking the position of a stud in the wall is easy when you use a stud finder. Draw a straight line across the studs, but remember to allow for a sliver of wood between each stud. This allows you to tap the studs with a hammer to hold them steady while you screw the top plate into place.
When framing basic walls, always start with a center board. Center blocks can be bought at any home improvement store. Screws and nails can be used to install individual boards. Board templates can be bought from many sources and these templates can be used as a guide to make sure that all the board pieces are even and square before installation.
The studs, joists and bottom plates need to be mounted to the wall according to the plans. Screws and nails are then added to each stud. Nails or screws should be nailed or stapled into the wall at every single stud. Use caution when nailing or screwing these parts because the wall could absorb the extra energy during the installation process.
If a nail is hammered into the wall studs too much, it may cause the stud to bend or break. To prevent this problem, when installing a wall with nails and screws, place a mark that you can use to fasten the board to the studs using nails. If you are using screws, make sure that the fasteners are screwed in tightly and that they are all countersunk by a depth of an inch or two.
When installing a picture window, photo frames and picture frames in general, you need to be extra careful when nailing them into a wall. The first time you take a picture and then try to hang it on the wall, it can often cause the frame to sag, shift or move out of place. When nailing a picture into wall studs, use a screwdriver to tap the stud from opposite sides of the stud to make sure the frame is level. The best way to level a frame when nailing it is to use a spirit level and to set your frame against the studs and nail the frame to the studs using nails or screws that are level and tightly driven. Some people also like to lay felt strips across the top of their frame to level it. Before nailing a picture to a wall, you can also take the time to mark where the hole for your hanging hardware will go.